Despite busting my winter 2016-2017 temperature outlook, my snowfall outlook got it right for the most part. Which shows, you can get a lot of snow, even during a warm winter. Summer outlooks are much harder to forecast, than winter outlooks. For this reason this outlook is a little more limited in scope than my typical winter outlooks.
We have a developing El Nino in the Pacific. It won't be as strong as last summer's. I do think it will act like the La Nina over the winter. The 2017 El Nino will be short lived. It should be weakening as we head into the upcoming winter. There is a good chance this will end up being a El Nino Modoki event. If this is the case late fall and the winter will see the greatest impacts in the Mid Atlantic and Northeast.
Looking at the sea level pressures in the Pacific, the SOI is looking to be negative over the next 6 weeks, This trend looks to continue into Summer 2017. Those cold SSTs in the Indian Ocean and around Indonesia means this won't be a long lasting El Nino. The upcoming El Nino should end up being weak to moderate.
My analogs were difficult to compare to this year. But the closest I could find were: 1959, 1960,1961, 1980, 1983, 2002, 2006, 2009. None of these were a exact match. But they were close enough to gather some insight. (Note: NOAA has been readjusting the old data. This makes past events look cooler than they might have been. ) So that doesn't help.
The summer will start off warm. But then we will cool off after midsummer. Typically transitions from La Nina to El Nino lead to overall cooler summer, especially during the 2nd half of summer. This is because the atmosphere takes a little time to move from one phase to the other. Overall, this upcoming summer, looks to be average to very slightly above average in temperatures. Part of the reason will be those very warm sea surface temperatures off the East Coast.
On my Facebook weather pages, I've been talking about how I expect to see a active severe season in the Northeast. Also the threat that I see from close to the East Coast forming tropical cyclones, again those warm SSTs off the East Coast, has to be taken into account.
I don't anticipate this to be a typical dry El Nino.
The severe season in the Northeast runs from June through August. The Plains will be cooler than average June July and August. This is typical for El Nino years. With a trough setting up in the Plains. We would see slight ridging over the east coast, with an active storm track looking to be in the cards. Severe weather in the Northeast will ramp up. This should end up a fairly active year for severe weather, with perhaps several severe outbreaks over the region.
This Summer is going to see temperatures warmer temperatures in June into July . Then we will start to see a change to cooler overall temperatures mid to end of July and August. I expect the temperatures to end up over all average to slightly above average for New England and New York State into Western Pennsylvania. With temperatures over the rest of Pennsylvania and the Mid Atlantic to be moderately above average. But we won't have the sweltering heat we had in Summer 2016.This Summer will see a wet June and July, with things starting to dry up a little in August. Overall I think precipitation will be average to slightly above average. The wild card will be severe season and tropical activity. But if these play out like I think this Summer and Fall could be wet.